Saturday, February 20, 2016

Segregation of Bio-waste

After introducing our Prime Minister’s Policy of Swach Bharat, people in many places have started implementing many projects like segregation, disposal of waste etc. a bit seriously, but not enough to get good results. Please read below a few suggestions.
Since the garbage accumulated every day is of different types, such as wet garbage, plastics, glass, electronic waste, and lastly bio-waste like sanitary pads, diapers, syringes etc., we need minimum 4 different containers for these.
1)      One for wet waste  which can go for composting
2)      One for plastic which can go for recycling
3)      One for electronic waste  which can also be re-used
4)      One for bio-waste this should be separately segregated without mixing with any other waste as this might contain infections and other communicable diseases etc.

In my earlier posts, I have mentioned different processes for composting. Hence, now I am giving importance to this bio-waste, segregation of which has not been happening all these years and as such, it is very necessary to introduce now and see that this waste is incinerated along with hospital waste if possible or get separate incinerators for this. I appeal to our corporation to give priority to this and start implementing this soon. I appeal to all my friends too to think about seriously to take active interest and get it done as it is affecting our health.
To make the disposal easy, waste pickers may collect the wet waste and bio-waste every day and other wastes on different days of the week. They may instruct the residents about this plan.

Wednesday, September 7, 2011

My Garbage is my Responsibility part 2

The saga of events that has taken place recently, the nationwide agitation all over the country for our civic rights has somewhat helped us to think about the next step. Rights and responsibilities go hand in hand and should be given equal importance to both.

This is regarding the menace created by plastic products that are used by general public because they are easily available, cheap and seemingly very convenient for use. The negative side of this usage of plastic has been totally ignored till it reached a point of no return. Firstly, the used plastic has to find a proper place for disposal. Even though, the strict segregation laws are there, many do not follow these laws and very indiscreetly throw their waste mixed with wet waste, plastic products like carry bags, even hazardous and harmful materials like battery cells, broken glasses, used tube lights, used huggies, sanitary pads etc., the list is endless. Added to this, the eating houses all over the city also throw their waste such as thermocol packages, disposable kitchenware and what not. All these things find their way to the huge garbage bins kept on the roads unattended and overflowing all the time. Disposable waste from the eating houses also is very callously pushed into the drain chambers in a most irresponsible manner. These choked chambers create havoc during the rainy season by flooding the roads, even causing major floods as it happened in Mumbai a few years back.

In order to find a tangible solution to this existing reality, NGOs have appointed rag pickers to sort out this mess littered on the streets. Here again we find young children, many of them minors working with bare hands, there by getting exposed to all kinds of infections. Many of us, educated and civilized citizens proudly show off our knowledge of human rights, child labour etc sitting in the drawing rooms of our comfortable homes. It is a mockery of our education. If at all we have any conscience left within us, we cannot shut our minds to this miserable and pitiable situation.As responsible citizens it is not enough to find fault with the whole system and do nothing about it. Civic bodies are also currently showing some interest in this matter. A clipping from The Times Of India is given as an attachment below to read. This is a very encouraging step. The Corporation may please take some course of action to find support and help from the citizens and solve this problem within the earliest possible time frame.

The following suggestions may also be given a thought and if possible may be implemented. Our scientists are also taking keen interest in this and they may also be consulted. One name which appeared in the website recently is Dr Alka Zadgaunkar from Nagpur who has succeeded by some process to get petroleum from plastic. Secondly, a few recycling centers may be introduced in the cities and organize collection from different localities. The companies which supply these products like huggies, sanitary pads etc may please replace plastic with the bio-degradable material and this may be separately segregated. If all of us share these responsibilities, we can have an excellent system in place of which we will all be proud of.

Our intelligent younger generation may please try to keep pace with our progress of science and technology by also becoming aware of their civil, moral and social responsibilities. We have succeeded with our technology to reach the Moon. At the same time, ironically some of our unfortunate fellow beings are made to dive into dirty and choked manholes bare-bodied with no protective clothing and take out stinking dead rats, cats and such other stuffs. These people with their families live in very miserable and unhygienic conditions. Their children are not getting proper education and many of them often suffering from ailments caused by very unhygienic surroundings. We as responsible citizens cannot remain insensitive spectators to all such things happening around us. The only way we can help them is to be always aware our civic responsibilities like segregation of waste, say no to plastic, see that drain chambers are not used as garbage bins and last but not the least, if we come across any garbage littered on the streets draw immediate attention of our elected civic authorities to promptly address the issue.

I quote “Remember, the universe is the echo of our actions and thoughts". - Dalai Lama

Sunday, September 19, 2010

Saturday, September 11, 2010

My Garbage is my Responsibility By sudha pai
Overflowing garbage bins unattended is a constant eyesore on the streets in all cities.
We read in the newspapers only unfulfilled promises from the civic authorities such as so
many crores have been sanctioned and so much of land has been allotted etc.Strict laws
are passed for segregation of wet and dry stuff. But what we see littered on the street is
something entirely contrary to this rule. Plastic bags, broken glass bulbs , batteries etc
along with wet waste like cooked leftovers rotten vegetables and fruits. The list is
endless. More over, littered food-waste provides a perfect environment for stray
dogs, cats and pests such as rats to increase in numbers, thus feeding a larger
problem. Ultimately the common man is left with no choice but to live with an
increased exposure to diseases in these unhygienic and dirty conditions. It has been a
long wait without seeing any positive results.
This slogan “My garbage is my responsibility” is written after evaluating the
existing reality. If we want to live in clean surroundings all of us have to make an effort
to achieve this. All of us as educated, civilized and responsible citizens,seriously follow
this slogan , we will be creating a clean and peaceful breakthrough in our garbage
Wet waste created in an average household after segregating the dry waste, is
hardly few grams may be even less than one kg per day. If we can handle this
individually without throwing it out into the common garbage bins, the problem will be
reduced to a large extend. Our future generation will be able to learn and adapt to this
culture and benefit from it.We will be teaching our children the awareness of our moral,
civic and social responsibilities at home. But how do we do all this?
Many youngsters have taken up this challenging job by designing various types of
products that can take care of our wet waste very effectively in our homes especially in
flats where it is needed most.One such product, Daily Dumps(brand name) commonly
known as Khamba has been tested and proved effective. This product has been designed
by a young entrepreneur, Poonam Kasturi from Bangalore. It is a modular three tier
terracotta composter. It is quite an attractive piece which can be kept in a corner of a
balcony in a flat along with the other flowering pots.The compost prepared in this would
be ready in about three month’s time. It is also environment friendly as it is made of clay.
Details about usage and maintenance etc are given separately along with the product.You
may please visit for more details. Many more competitive products
are also available in the market where you may have an option to choose one suitable for
your needs. Some such products have also been discussed by my friend on her blog:
Lastly, it is my sincere appeal to all our respected builders to provide one product of
this kind and make it mandatory to use it before issuing the no objection certificate.
Already there is a supreme court order that every society has to be provided with
composting pits. This is only a practical variation as the composting is done in an
individual capacity. In many societies the pits are left unused attracting reptiles, field rats
and other pests. In some societies no pits are provided. However many societies find it
impractical for want of co-operation from the members.So if we practice the above
mentioned system the load on the civic bodies like corporation etc will be reduced to a
large extend.From a humanitarian angle,we may be able to reduce the work load of those
unfortunate ones who are doing this filthy jobs with bare hands and exposing themselves
to various infections. It is surely not a pleasant sight happening around you.
Next step may be to take care of the dry waste.This requires more organized approach
of segregation as there are very many harmful and hazardous materials thrown out
indiscreetly.We may have do this more systematically. Today it may look and sound as an
impossible job. But if we share these important responsibilities, we can have a very
useful and fantastic system in place of which we will all be proud of. I quote
“You could be the change that you like to see in the world”
Mahatma Gandhi

Sunday, July 5, 2009

Garbage to Gardens Part II

Garbage to Gardens - Part 2
A creative approach to recycling

Wet garbage or what is commonly known, as kitchen waste is a very valuable yet often underused resource. With the growth of a nuclear family and apartment culture in today’s urban society, proper garbage disposal is proving to be a growing problem. This growing filth is causing allied health problems in cities. Scientists have been working in order to develop various methods and corresponding products to come up with efficient ways of garbage disposal.

In this article I would like to share with you 3 methods I have successfully been using to dispose and convert wet garbage to manure in my garden, namely – Vermiculture, Bio – culture and EM process (a Japanese technology). Vermiculture can be used for all ground plants and does not need much watering as it holds the moistures in the soil. Bio-culture and the EM process are excellent for flat owners as they use up all the kitchen waste with less soil. By using these methods every one of us will be able to make good use of our wet household garbage and can contribute to keep our surroundings clean and ultimately save the environment.

I will briefly explain these methods and also the products available in the market required for these processes.

1.Vermiculture composting process
Items required (available in the market)
Vermiculture, Cow dung, heavy bricks, wet garbage (kitchen waste, cooked waste and garden waste), a small covered area.

This method is the easiest and simplest to follow and gives excellent nitrogen rich manure. It is a zero pollution and environment friendly process with minimum cost.

Find a small covered area in your garden. By using bricks make a raised enclosure on the ground of the size 4ft by 2ft by 1ft (ht). This should be enough for a small family of four members or it may vary on the quantity of garbage generated. Spread a thin layer of cow dung about 2 inches at the bottom. Over this layer spread some coconut fibre or dry leaves along with Vermiculture (about 250 grams). It is now ready for use. Start throwing the wet garbage loosely except cooked waste, which can by thrown after 15 days. When the enclosure is half full spread another thin layer of cow dung and when is becomes full add a last layer of cow dung and leave it for 2 months .You may cover this enclosure with a net to protect it from cats, dogs, flies etc.

Repeat this process in a similar enclosure. The compost in the first enclosure will be ready in a couple of months. It can be used for all plants like fruit trees etc very effectively. This is very rich manure with all the necessary nutrients required for the growth of plants.

When the compost is ready, take it out from the enclosure leaving about four (4) inches level of contents at the bottom. The earthworms produced from the culture will remain sheltered at the bottom. These worms thrive on the garbage and convert it into compost. You can continue reusing the area without adding any fresh Vermiculture.

2. Bioculture Method

Items required
Bio-culture (available in the market), enough wet garbage, thick plastic sheet, and thick heavy bricks.

This again is pollution free and environment friendly and we can all be friends of nature and can make good use of the garbage which otherwise would have created filth and stink.

Method for terrace garden

This can be very effectively used on the terrace as this method uses more garbage and minimum soil. The important thing to remember is that there should be proper sloping, drainage along with waterproofing done on the terrace.

Spread a thick plastic sheet (3ft by 3ft) and place two layers of bricks on all 4 sides and make a bed. Spread at the bottom a two-inch layer of coconut fibre dry grass or sugarcane waste. Now spread half kg of bio-culture and cover it with a four-inch layer of garbage. Repeat till the bed is full. Make a well in the centre and put a little soil to hold the plant and now it is ready for planting. Cooked waste can be added only after15 days of planting the sapling. Even fruit trees like guava, orange etc can be planted on the terrace like this.
For 9 sq feet area you will require 5 kg of bio-culture and this is a one-time investment. As the garbage goes down you can keep on adding more and more garbage. You may treat this bed with cow dung once in 2 months. If you find any small insects or ants just sprinkle water boiled with neem leaves on the bed.

3. EM Process
This is one of the products, which I have been using very effectively.
EM (Effective micro organisms) is an extremely beneficial, Eco-friendly and totally harmless product. EM – solution is also a very economical and easy to use product.
EM solution can be classified into 3 categories.
1. Original EM (EM-1), 2. Extended EM (EM-2), 3 Rice Wash EM (EM-3)
1 Original EM (EM-1)
EM-1 is made in the factory. It has dormant microorganisms and is used to make extended EM and Rice wash EM solutions. Instruction booklets are also available along with this.
2 Extended EM (EM-2)
Fill one liter-size plastic bottle with plain water leaving about 2'' on top. Leave it open overnight before use, as corporation water contains chlorine. Add 10ml original EM solution and 2 tbsp of sugar (15gms) to this water. Mix well and keep it airtight away from sunlight in a cool dark place for seven days. Once in two or three days open the lid to let out some gas. This will be ready for use on the 8th day. In cold weather it may take a little longer (about 10 days or more). Shelf life is one month after it is ready.

3Rice Wash EM (EM-3)
This EM further enhances properties of EM-2 and makes its use even cheaper. Take 1ltr size plastic bottles number them 1 to 7.When you wash rice for cooking collect first two washes (approximately 1ltr from 250gms of rice). Fill one bottle with this water leaving little space on top (about 2''). This rice water should be used within 4hrs. Add 20ml of EM-2 (Extended EM) and 2tbsps of sugar. Close cap tightly and keep aside for 7 days in a cool place away from sunlight. Repeat the process every day till all the 7 bottles are ready. On the 8th day bottle no1 is ready for use on your kitchen waste. The shelf life of the EM enhanced rice water is one week.
Take 2 or 3 plastic buckets and number them 1 to 3. Empty your kitchen waste (egg shells, bones, stale food, vegetable waste etc) in the first bucket. Pour EM-3 over it till the whole waste is immersed in this solution. Repeat this process every day until the bucket is full, leaving a little space on top to let out the gas. Keep covered for ten days. Repeat the process with the other buckets. After ten days take out the first bucket, sieve the liquid into another empty container. This liquid diluted 300 times with water is excellent liquid manure. Water your pots and plants with this water once in a week or once in ten days. Shelf life of this liquid is about 10 to 15 days. The leftover garbage contents is mixed with 3 times the quantity of soil and stored in gunny bags or empty cement bags for 10 to 15 days after which the fertile soil is ready for use. Use this soil directly in pots or on the ground. This process is very good for flat owners as they can conduct the whole process inside their flat. Extra fertile soil can be used in the society premises. The results are excellent.

Please make use of any one or all three processes in your garden to help promote a social cause.

Sudha Pai

Sunday, March 29, 2009

An article on Magarpatta City

Magarpatta City, situated in Hadapsar, on the east side of Pune in Maharashtra, is a manmade paradise on earth, which is unique in all respects. It is a beautifully planned city with all the basic amenities required for the residents to live a happy, healthy and comfortable lifestyle. Balancing the role of nature in our day-to-day lives, is also given equal importance. This inspires the modern youth to understand, appreciate, and enjoy the beauty of nature in the midst of IT towers, residential buildings, club houses, schools, gymnasiums, shopping centres etc which are also part of this paradise. Beautiful flowering trees are planted on both sides of the wide roads which are vibrant with their colorful blooms in different seasons. Many species of birds announce their existence by loudly chattering and chirping various notes creating a beautiful and friendly bond between nature and mankind.
The city bears testimony to the positive vision and foresight of the management team at Magarpatta Township Development And Construction Company Co.Ltd., and the selfless untiring efforts of its Managing Director Mr Satish Magar and equally efficient and charming wife, Mrs Rekha Magar. Along with the strong and constructive support of his younger brother, Mr Umesh Magar, the Technical Director, they take an active interest in the day to day maintenance of this city. Satish is a man of few words. His actions speak louder than words. His priority has been for addressing basic human needs coupled with tapping the natural resources to make life comfortable for the residents while also addressing the issues related to the environment, which is the need of the hour.
Solar water heating systems are provided to every family to cater to the daily hot water needs of family members. This is a great luxury that everybody enjoys here.
Also, there exists a fully operational solid waste management project within the city including garbage segregation initiatives, a bio-gas plant, vermicomposting pits, rainwater harvesting etc. This has given a clean look and ambience to the city. This is one of the most progressive achievements for the management as it involves the co-operation from the residents and shop keepers alike.
Eco-friendly fly-ash bricks and concrete are used in construction which has advantages over using clay bricks in terms of cost, weight and strength.
Magarpatta Township Development and Construction Company has brought about a new eco-friendly awareness in society and has set a role model for others to follow. With all these facilities, anybody should be happy and proud to live in a place like this. We wish for more such heavenly abodes on earth.